sign

sign
sign1 W2S3 [saın] n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(gives information)¦
2¦(shows something is true)¦
3¦(movement or sound)¦
4¦(symbol)¦
5¦(star sign)¦
6¦(language)¦
7 there is no sign of somebody/something
8 sign of life
9 sign of the times
10 the sign of the Cross
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: signe, from Latin signum 'mark, sign, image, seal']
1.) ¦(GIVES INFORMATION)¦
a piece of paper, metal, or wood with words or a picture that gives people information, warnings, or instructions
a sign on the door
road signs
a no smoking sign
Don't ignore the fog warning signs .
2.) ¦(SHOWS SOMETHING IS TRUE)¦
an event, fact etc that shows that something is happening or that something is true or exists
= ↑indication sign of
A red morning sky is a sign of an impending storm.
Crying is seen as a sign of weakness.
A paw print in the dust was a sign that a tiger was close.
There were no obvious signs of engine wear.
Raised blood pressure is a warning sign .
If she can move her leg, that's a very good sign .
His door was closed. That was a bad sign .
She gave no outward signs of her problems.
He kept walking up and down, which was a sure sign he was worried.
The tell-tale signs of drug abuse are mainly to do with behaviour.
There are signs that the situation is improving.
There were no signs of forced entry into the house.
The economy is beginning to show signs of recovery.
The play shows every sign of being a big success.
At the first sign of trouble they had disappeared to England.
3.) ¦(MOVEMENT OR SOUND)¦
a movement, sound etc that you make in order to tell someone something
the thumbs-up sign (=a sign that you make with your hand to show that something is successful)
give/make a sign
Wait until I give the sign.
sign that
Bruce made a sign that he was ready to leave.
sign for sb to do sth
Three short blasts on the whistle was the sign to begin.
4.) ¦(SYMBOL)¦
a mark or shape that has a particular meaning
= ↑symbol
the dollar sign
a minus sign
5.) ¦(STAR SIGN)¦ also star sign
a group of stars, representing one of 12 parts of the year, that some people believe influences your behaviour and your life
What sign are you?
6.) ¦(LANGUAGE)¦[U]
a language that uses hand movements instead of spoken words, used by people who cannot hear
7.) there is no sign of sb/sth
used to say that someone or something is not in a place or cannot be found
I waited for two hours but there was still no sign of her.
8.) sign of life
a) a movement that shows that someone is alive, or something that shows that there are people in a particular place
She listened intently for signs of life.
b) something that shows that a situation is becoming more active
Commercial property markets are now showing definite signs of life .
9.) sign of the times
something that shows how people live now
It's just a sign of the times that many children have mobile phones.
10.) the sign of the Cross
the hand movement that some Christians make in the shape of a cross, to show respect for God or to protect themselves from evil
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
COLLOCATES for sense 2
sign (that)
clear/obvious sign
warning sign
good/positive/encouraging sign
bad sign
outward/visible sign
sure sign (=clear proof)
tell-tale signs (=signs that clearly show something bad)
there are signs/there are no signs
show signs of (doing) something
show/give every sign of doing something (=used to say that something is very likely)
take/see something as a sign (that) (=understand something to mean something)
at the first sign of something (=immediately)
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
sign 2
sign2 W3S3 v
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(name)¦
2 sign an agreement/contract/treaty etc
3¦(music/sport)¦
4 sign on the dotted line
5 sign a bill/legislation/agreement into law
6 (all) signed and sealed
7¦(use movements)¦
8¦(language)¦
Phrasal verbs
 sign something<=>away
 sign for something
 sign in
 sign off
 sign on
 sign out
 sign something<=>over
 sign up
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[Date: 1300-1400; : Old French; Origin: signer, from Latin signare, from signum; SIGN1]
1.) ¦(NAME)¦ [I and T]
to write your ↑signature on something to show that you wrote it, agree with it, or were present
Sign here, please.
The artist had signed his name in the corner of the painting.
You forgot to sign the cheque.
Over a hundred people have signed the petition.
Steffi signs her autograph every time she's asked.
a signed photo of Paul McCartney
2.) sign an agreement/contract/treaty etc
to make a document, agreement etc official and legal by writing your ↑signature on it
France has just signed a new trade deal with Japan.
3.) ¦(MUSIC/SPORT)¦ [I and T]
if a football team or music company signs someone, or if someone signs for them, that person signs a contract in which they agree to work for them
CBS Records had signed her back in 1988 on a three-album contract.
sign for/to/with
Miller worked in the shipyards before signing for Rangers.
Before long they had signed with Virgin.
4.) sign on the dotted line informal
to officially agree to something by signing a contract
Make sure the repairs are done before you sign on the dotted line.
5.) sign a bill/legislation/agreement into law
if someone in authority signs something into law, they make it part of the law by signing an official document
6.) (all) signed and sealed also (all) signed, sealed, and delivered
with all the necessary legal documents signed
It'll all be signed and sealed by Friday, and you can move in then.
7.) ¦(USE MOVEMENTS)¦
to try to tell someone something or ask them to do something by using signs and movements
= ↑signal sign to sb to do sth
He signed to the maid to leave the room.
sign for sb to do sth
She signed for us to go inside.
8.) ¦(LANGUAGE)¦ [I and T]
to use or translate something into ↑sign language
>signer[i] n
sign away [sign sth<=>away] phr v
to sign a document that gives your property or legal rights to someone else
She had signed away all claims to the house.
I felt as if I was signing away my life.
sign for [sign for sth] phr v
to sign a document to prove that you have received something
This is a registered letter - someone will have to sign for it.
sign in phr v
1.) to write your name on a form, in a book etc when you enter a place such as a hotel, office, or club
Remember to sign in at reception.
2.) sign sb<=>in
to write someone else's name in a book so that they are allowed to enter a club, an office etc
sign off phr v
1.) informal to end a radio or television programme by saying goodbye
2.) to write your final message at the end of an informal letter
It's getting late so I'll sign off now. Love, John.
3.) sign sb off
BrE if a doctor signs someone off, he or she gives them a note saying that they are ill and not able to work
For the last month she has been signed off sick from work.
4.) sign sth<=>off
BrE sign off on sth AmE
to show that you approve of a plan or that something is finished by signing an official document
Major repainting work now needs to be signed off by a qualified engineer.
sign on phr v
1.) BrE to state officially that you are unemployed by signing a form, so that you can get money from the government
2.) to sign a document to show that you agree to work for someone
sign on as
He signed on as a soldier in the US army.
sign on with
I'll probably have to sign on with a nursing agency.
sign out phr v
1.) to write your name in a book when you leave a place such as a hotel, office, or club
2.) sign sth<=>out
to write your name on a form or in a book to show that you have taken or borrowed something
Bernstein signed out a company car.
3.) sign sb<=>out
to write in a book that someone is allowed to leave somewhere such as a school, office etc
Parents must sign pupils out when collecting them for doctor's or dentist's appointments.
sign over [sign sth<=>over] phr v
to sign an official document that gives your property or legal rights to someone else
sign something<=>over to
When he became ill, he signed his property in France over to his son.
sign up phr v
1.) to put your name on a list for something because you want to take part in it
sign up for
I'm thinking of signing up for a yoga course.
sign up to do sth
Over half the people who signed up to do engineering were women.
2.) sign sb <=>up
if someone is signed up by an organization, they sign a contract in which they agree to work for that organization
Several well-known researchers have been signed up for the project.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Поможем решить контрольную работу
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sign-on — (or startup) is the term used to describe the beginning of operations for a television station. It is the opposite to a sign off (or closedown).As with sign offs, sign ons vary from country to country, and from station to station.North AmericaIn… …   Wikipedia

  • sign — [sīn] n. [ME signe < OFr < L signum, a mark, token, prob. < base of secare, to cut (see SAW1): orig. sense prob. “incised mark”] 1. something that indicates a fact, quality, etc.; indication; token [black as a sign of mourning] 2. a) a… …   English World dictionary

  • Sign — Sign, n. [F. signe, L. signum; cf. AS. segen, segn, a sign, standard, banner, also fr. L. signum. Cf. {Ensign}, {Resign}, {Seal} a stamp, {Signal}, {Signet}.] That by which anything is made known or represented; that which furnishes evidence; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sign — n 1 Sign, mark, token, badge, note, symptom can denote a sensible and usually visible indication by means of which something not outwardly apparent or obvious is made known or revealed. Sign is the most comprehensive of these terms, being… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Sign — Single par Brown Eyed Girls Face A Sign (Japanese version) Face B Love is… (Jea Miryo) Sortie 26 janvier 2011 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sign — Sign, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Signed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Signing}.] [OE. seinen to bless, originally, to make the sign of the cross over; in this sense fr. ASS. segnian (from segn, n.), or OF. seignier, F. signer, to mark, to sign (in sense 3), fr. L …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sign — vt 1: to affix a signature to: ratify or attest by hand or seal sign a bill into law; specif: to write or mark something (as a signature) on (a document) as an acknowledgment of one s intention to be bound by it 2: to assign or convey formally… …   Law dictionary

  • sign — ► NOUN 1) a thing whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence, occurrence, or advent of something else. 2) a signal, gesture, or notice conveying information or an instruction. 3) a symbol or word used to represent something in… …   English terms dictionary

  • sign in — {v.} To write your name on a special list or in a record book to show that you are present. * /Every worker must sign in when coming back to work./ * /Teachers go to the office and sign in each morning before going to their classrooms./ Contrast… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • sign in — {v.} To write your name on a special list or in a record book to show that you are present. * /Every worker must sign in when coming back to work./ * /Teachers go to the office and sign in each morning before going to their classrooms./ Contrast… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • sign — [n1] indication, evidence assurance, augury, auspice, badge, beacon, bell, caution, clue, divination, flag, flash, foreboding, foreknowledge, foreshadowing, foretoken, forewarning, gesture, giveaway, handwriting on wall*, harbinger, herald, high… …   New thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”